雲井獅子 / 旧平櫛田中邸 一階 アトリエ

Kumoi Jishi / Denchu Hirakushi's House 1st Floor Atelier

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藝術の薫香が燻る。書架のガラス戸がふと鳴る。

The scent of art smolders in the air. The glass door of the bookcase rings faintly.

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「雲井獅子」

博多一朝軒所伝。本曲の中では外曲、戯曲にあたり、派手・息抜き・ヒルカラとも称された。獅子ものの一つで、本曲が重厚長大になる傾向の強い現代にあっても軽妙で洒脱なテンポを今なお備えている。近代彫刻の巨匠・平櫛田中の代表作の一つに「鏡獅子」がある。歌舞伎の演目より材を取ったもので尺八の獅子とは縁遠いものであるが、「獅子もの」は近世邦楽に共通するモチーフである。平櫛田中ははたして「雲井獅子」を耳にしただろうか。

"Kumoi JIshi"
Hakata Icchoken tradition is originally made for another instrument and then arranged for shakuhachi. It's a type of music that is made for pure pleasure, not for a religion. It was also called "hade", "ikinuki" and "hirukara." It's a Japanese musical piece that is themed with shishi (lion). While most recent pieces of honkyoku tend to be profound with a grand scale, it still has a light and casual tempo. One of the masterpieces of Hirakushi Denchu, who is a master of modern sculpture, is Kagamijishi. Even though it was adapted from a kabuki play and not closely related to the shishi of shakuhachi, "shishi" is a common motif in early modern Japanese music. I wonder if Hiragushi Denchu ever heard of "Kumoi Jhishi."

「旧平櫛田中邸アトリエ 1階アトリエ」

「平櫛田中邸・アトリエ」は、近代日本彫刻を拓いた彫刻家、故平櫛田中氏(1872-1979)が大正8年から昭和45年まで住み彫刻制作に励んだ家。岡山県井原市出身の田中氏は、明治30年、彫刻家を目指して上京し、岡倉天心の奨励を得て近代木彫の旗手となった。台東区上野桜木のアトリエ(大正8年築)と邸宅(大正11年築)は、大作「転生」の制作にあたり、日本美術院の同人であった横山大観、下村観山らの支援を得て建てられた。大正時代の伝統的技術による日本家屋がほぼそのままに残る居住部と比し、当時最先端の近代的なアトリエである。

"Hirakushi Denchu's house/atelier"
"Hirakushi Denchu's house/atelier" is the house of a sculptor, the late Hirakushi Denchu (1872-1979) who pioneered modern Japanese sculpture. He lived in the house from 1919 to 1970 applying himself to sculpting. Born in Ibara city in Okayama prefecture, he left for Tokyo in 1897 to become a sculptor. Encouraged by Okakura Tenshin, he became a standard-bearer of modern sculpture. To work on one of his masterpieces, Tensho, an atelier was built in 1919 and his residence in 1922 in Uenosakuragi in Daito city, supported by Yokoyama Taikan and Shimomura Kanzan who both were kindred spirits of the Japan Visual Arts Academy. In comparison to the living space built with traditional techniques of the Taisho-era that remain almost completely intact, the atelier is the most advanced modern atelier of its time.

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